Philosophy of Toxicology

P-Values: The Most Powerful and Irresponsibly Used Statistic in Science

It's safe to say, when you boil it down, almost all of my clients come to me because of p-values. Sometimes it's because a...

Critical Tox Theory: Ethics and Funding Sources

I recently read an article in the American Journal of Public Health where Briggs and Vallone argue that industry scientists, especially scientists funded by...

Can We Trust Small Toxicology Studies?

I’m going to let you in on a little (maybe not so) secret: toxicology is in a crisis. A crisis that really calls a...

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